Collin, in The Miseducation of the Student Athlete, you and your coauthor, Kenneth L. Shropshire,
write, “While sport pays for a select few, education pays for most.” Please explain why you see
education as the bigger pay-off.

Though it may come as a surprise given the narratives we see in the media, the truth is Black men have a
greater chance of earning the highest degree awarded in a given field than they do of being drafted to the
NFL or NBA. The NCAA itself publishes a document showing how unlikely it is for a high school athlete
to make it to college and be drafted to the pros. Less than 2% of college athletes will be drafted.
Education, on the other hand, has much greater social, emotional, civic, and fiscal benefits over a lifetime.
By no means am I implying that one should forego sports to get an education. Rather, if you have the
chance to get an education in conjunction with pursing your athletic dreams, take it. With the current time
demands set up the way they are, college sports need to be reformed so more student-athletes can actually
do so.Collin, in the book, you and your coauthor, Kenneth L. Shropshire, write, “While sport pays for a
select few, education pays for most.” Please explain why you see education as the bigger pay-off?

You were not an athlete in college, yet your research explores how undergraduates’ social
experiences influence engagement, academic performance, campus climate, and post-college
outcomes, especially for students and athletes from low-income, first-generation college, and
underrepresented minority backgrounds. What did you witness during your collegiate years that
led you to this specific area of study?

As a college sophomore still thinking about going into business, I procured an internship in sponsorship
marketing at ESPN. While there I applied for an additional opportunity to work on the Elite 24, a
basketball tournament for the best 24 high school basketball players in America who were not yet seniors.
A number of interactions, particularly one where one participant asked me how to spell “squad,” led me
to see firsthand the disproportionate attention paid to actualizing these young men’s athletic potential as
opposed to their academic and other potential. That was when the curiosity was sparked.
As the son of Caribbean immigrants who came here with nothing, I recognized education was my way
out. While sports got so many of these low-income, first-generation, and/or kids of color access to
education, the focus on being part of the elite group who made it professionally blinded them to the long-
term pay-off of investing sufficient time and energy into that college education. Focused on social equity
and a self-proclaimed champion of society’s underdogs, I want to make sure people who are a part of
these vulnerable populations take advantage of every opportunity given to them. My research is focused
on Division I student-athletes because people are more comfortable talking about sports than race,
equality, and social justice. Sports, ultimately, was my preferred vehicle for social change.

Collin, your coauthor Ken played sports while in college and his son played sports in college. What
is one of the most important takeaways from reading The Miseducation of the Student Athlete that
you want parents of student-athletes to understand in order to better prepare their children for the

Playing sports, even if you make it professionally, is an experience. It is often not a career lasting more
than 5 years. There’s no better way to prepare for life after sports than to make full use of the other
opportunities and networks you have access to in college.

With the book, you address previous attempts at student-athlete compensation reform, including
the one-sided Ivy and professional models, and explain why they haven’t gained much traction. You
propose the Meaningful Degree Model as an alternative. Please explain.

The Meaningful Degree Model takes the stance that simply procuring a college degree is not enough. We
accept that sports, for a host of sociocultural reasons, will come first in an athlete’s life, and we created a
model that frames education around this obstacle. We want scholarship athletes to get the best educations
possible, and we know that cannot be done in the current college sport climate. The Meaningful Degree
Model removes the academic shot clock so that student-athletes can learn at the pace best suited for them.

In your book you introduce the Student Athlete Manifesto. One of the goals of the manifesto is to
make obtaining a meaningful degree the priority—not football, basketball, or any sport. What are
some of the suggestions proposed in order to manifest this achievement for the majority of student-

Honestly, that’s a personal choice and decision. Most Power 5 athletes aren’t getting athletic scholarships
without prioritizing sports…at first. Our major recommendation is reforming the system so athletic
development isn’t in direct competition with academic development.
Thus we want to:

  • Broaden the pathway to meaningful degree completion by granting athletes the right to
    return to complete the degree;
  • Mandate academic boot camps for entering student-athletes and professional boot camps
    for exiting student-athletes;
  • Make maximum use of summers for educational and professional development; and
  • Provide personalized counseling on the best paths among academic and career options.